alexa An Overview on Recent Trends in Catalysis

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An Overview on Recent Trends in Catalysis

The vast majority of chemical and biological activities and processes involve catalytic steps. Catalysis (homogeneous or heterogeneous) play an important role for chemicals manufacturing, utilizing of energy resources, energy conversion systems, devices and environmental control system, biological activities and drug discovery and design. However, the most important issues in any catalytic process are the activity and the selectivity of the catalysts by which processes are performed. In order to understand and control how a catalysts function, one must understand the energy profile through which the catalytic processes must go through. The energy content and transfer of any catalytic processes is easily understood by applying the principles of thermodynamics which provides an insight whether the process is attainable or not. Therefore, thermodynamics is used to describe the macroscopic behavior of chemical systems through understanding the properties of atoms and molecules. The area of thermodynamics is fully established and all laws that govern the energy flow and transfer are developed. Alternatively, the routes and the rate of the chemical processes happening are not yet fully comprehended. Hence, the application of chemical kinetics to understand catalytic activity and selectivity is still under investigation. Moreover, tremendous amounts of scientific discoveries are continually being achieved and more are to be revealed in the years to come. Even though a unifying principle has been identified in the area of chemical kinetics and compiled, but none are faultless. Each principle has its own defects and limitations. Understanding the mechanistic behavior of chemical systems in general and catalysis in particular, lead to significant discoveries in current scientific research. These days, scientists can study, monitor and characterize fast and ultra-fast reactions using laser pulses involved in numerous techniques.

Citation: Shehadi IA (2014) An Overview on Recent Trends in Catalysis. J Thermodyn Catal 5:e126. doi: 10.4172/2157-7544.1000e126

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