Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) is defined as an inflammatory state of the middle ear characterized by the presence of fluid in the middle ear resulting in decreased mobility of the tympanic membrane and a conductive type of hearing loss in the absence of signs and symptoms of acute infection. It is one of the common health problems seen in children and, when inadequately treated or left untreated, it may lead to sequelae and complications, consisting in permanent hearing loss and impairment in development of speech and language. The prevalence of OME is rather variable, ranging from 6 to 64%. Approximately 90% of children (80% of individual ears) have OME sometimes before school age, most often from 6 months to 4 years of age. In the first year of life, about 50% of children will experience OME, increasing to more than 60% by two years.
Citation: Al-Juboori AN, Al-Aqeedee AA, Saeed HD (2014) Otitis Media with Effusion in Children: A Follow up Study in West Baghdad, Iraq. Commun Disord Deaf Stud Hearing Aids 2:122. doi: 10.4172/2375-4427.1000122