Malaria is caused by parasites from the genus Plasmodium, which are spread to people through the bite of infected mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. Statistics show that there are 250 million to 500 million cases of malaria each year in the world, causing up to 1 million deaths. Deaths are especially common in children. Primaquine(PQ)prevents transmission of falciparum malaria to others by its ability to killgametocytes. PQ tablets should be taken after a meal; not on an empty stomach. Childrenless than the age of one year and pregnant women should not be given Primaquine. Aspregnant women having falciparum malaria require different medicines, they should bedirected to go to the nearest PHC or hospital immediately, without delay.