alexa The Mammalian Target of Rapamycin

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The Mammalian Target of Rapamycin

The mammalian target of rapamycin plays a critical role in cell differentiation, migration, and survival. Inhibitors of rapamycin, such as sirolimus or everolimus, have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic, antitumor, and antifungal properties that underscore the involvement of rapamycin signalling in various cellular functions. Activation of rapamycin phosphorylates p70 ribosomal S6kinase (p70S6K) and eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (4E-BP1), leading to cell hypertrophy, macrophage and T cell proliferation, and infiltration. Recently, rapamycin inhibitors have been applied in anticancer therapy 3, preventing restenosis of coronary arteries after angioplasty, and in clinical trials and research on the tuberous sclerosis complex and Alzheimer’s disease.

Citation: Stephen C (2015) The Mammalian Target of Rapamycin. J Pharma Care Health Sys 2:132.

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