Different gastroesophageal and gastroduodenal endoscopic lesions are described in CKD with a predominance of gastritis. Present Study reported the anomalies found at upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE) in patients with CKD in nephrology unit in Dakar. Highlights of the Study were high prevalence of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic lesions in patients with CKD (76%).
Upper gastrointestinal lesions in our series had a predominant localization in gastric and duodenal level. The most common gastric lesions in our patients were gastritis. Several factors, including alcohol, sepsis, hypergastrinemia and gastrotoxic drugs have been implicated in the development of gastritis. Work shows the need for an upper endoscopy in patients with digestive uremic signs.