alexa Prebiotics and Probiotics

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Prebiotics and Probiotics

Intestinal flora encompasses at least 500 different types of bacteria living in symbiosis with their host. The dominant microflora in the stomach is Gram-positive bacteria; while in the distal small intestine and the colon is Gram-negative type. The most important intestinal bacteria are bacteroides, bifidobacteria, Enterobacteraceae, lactobacilli, Gram-positive cocci, Clostridium species and eubacteria. Bacterial population in intestinal contents increase in a distal direction in the gastro-intestinal tract from 103–104/mL in the stomach to 106– 107/mL in the distal ileum and 1011–1012/mL in the colon.

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