River bank erosion is the most common problem at river which flows on alluvial plain although the plain usually exists at lowland area. The erosion will result in the loss of land, or property, thus endangering people who live near the river. Factors responsible for erosion are climate, topography, soil, Landover, landuse and management practices. Preventing or controlling soil erosion relies on selecting appropriate strategies for soil conservation, which requires a thorough understanding of the process of erosion. Many strategies for erosion control have been applied such as crop and vegetation management and soil management. However the plant cover and the presence or absences of conservation measures influence very much the rate of erosion.
Bank erosion control using image processing and hydrological model for River bank erosion based on the time series, assess soil erosion in sub-watershed, use Sediment Transport Index (STI) to replace the slope gradient in the revised MMF model and assess erosion prone areas in inaccessible land areas was studied by Kheiralla KM and his colleagues, Faculty of Petroleum and Minerals, Sudan.