Person with HIV/AIDS are characterized by progressive depletion of a specific immune cells known as (CD4+) helper T-lymphocytes whose loss leads to opportunistic infections and cancer. Very early in the AIDS epidemic it was recognized that protein calorie malnutrition and specific micronutrient deficiencies were common in HIV and AIDS patients. The relationship between HIV infection and nutrition and impact of HIV on nutrition is very complex. Micronutrients are essential for maintaining proper immunologic function so maintaining proper nutrition, weight and immune function is thought to delay disease progression, prolong the asymptomatic phase and improve survival. However this, significant numbers of PLWH took less than the recommended eating occasions and energy intake.
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