alexa Social Inclusion in Older Adults

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Social Inclusion in Older Adults

There are a number of interventions that can promote the social inclusion, or reduce the risk of exclusion, of older people. Interventions may be formal (e.g. rehabilitation therapy) or informal (e.g. social visits) and are provided by various resources that facilitate the social inclusion of older people. The full range of interventions can be considered from the perspective of an ecological systems model, which represents the interaction between numerous interconnected factors that overlap and impact one another. Viewed in this way, social inclusion is the product of the interactions between an individual’s biological and personal characteristics (ontosystem), the characteristics of significant people in the individual’s immediate environment (microsystem), the multiple characteristics of the surrounding environment in which the individual and their family live (Mesosystem, Exosystem, Macrosystem) and temporal factors (Chronosystem). This model enables us to view an older adult as an individual who is included in a system of significant relationships with their family and the world they live in, as well as with local and regional organisations in their community [1]. From this point of view, a person’s social environment has genuine potential to be a network of support and mutual assistance, contributing to the individual’s sense of self and, potentially, to their quality of life. Completing the cycle, older people also play a role in transforming their environment and therefore in transforming themselves in the process.

 

Citation:Levasseur M (2015) How to Enhance the Social Inclusion in Older Adults: A Practical Inventory Based on an Ecological Model. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 4: 236. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000236

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