Uterine anomalies can lead to infertility and problems with reproduction among women. A lot of uterine malformation like septate uterus, unicornuate uterus, and bicornuate uterus result from abnormal development of paramesonephric (mullarian) duct fusion during uterus development.
The prevalence of uterine anomalies in the general population is about 0.5% . Acien, in a review study, found a mean incidence for septate uterus 22% (complete septate 9%, partial septate 13%) among the all other types of mullarian defects . In 1988 American Fertility society described congenital uterine anomalies relateted to mullarian ducts.
Septate uterus is the most frequent uterine malformation [3,4] and characterized by a muscular or fibrous wall, called the septum. The septum affects only the cranial part of the uterus (partial septate uterus) or it may reach as far as the cervix (complete septate uterus) . It is diagnosed by medical image techniques, i.e. ultrasound or an MRI.