The official estimates of HIV cases in India reached 2.39 million in the year 2010 of whom 39% were women amounting to 0.93 million of the total. Despite of the decline in overall disease prevalence during the period 2000-09, the prevalence among women continued to remain high. Several socio-economic factors predispose Indian women for acquiring HIV/AIDS infection. These include early marriage, illiteracy, financial dependence, violence and sexual abuse against women. A large proportion of the women have poor access to information and education. It is also suggested that knowledge of HIV is greater in better educated and from higher socio-economic classes compared to among the general population.