Objectives The aim of the present prospective, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled investigation (approved by the Ethical Committee of Padova University Hospital [Italy]) was to assess the effect of a nasal gel containing a combination of silver sucrose octasulfate and potassium sucrose octasulfate (Silsos gel® [SG]) in wound healing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis in terms of: nasal symptoms (SNOT22), endoscopic appearance of the sinonasal mucosa (Lund–Kennedy score), nasal air flow (anterior active rhinomanometry), evidence of mucosal inflammatory processes (nasal cytology and histology), and microbiological growth.
Methods Thirty-four patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were randomized on a 1:1 ratio to receive after ESS either SG or placebo (contained only the excipients [carbopol and propylene glycol] in the same concentrations as in SG).
Results/conclusions Judging from the present prospective investigation on patients who underwent ESS for chronic rhinosinusitis, treatment with SG seems to enable a significantly faster improvement in specific symptoms (assessed on the validated SNOT22 scale) than placebo. Patients treated with SG also had a quicker improvement in the endoscopic appearance of their nasal mucosa after ESS than patients treated with placebo. These endoscopic improvements in the SG group were also confirmed at the long-term follow-up, while the same did not apply to the placebo-treated group.
Ottaviano et al.