alexa Leaf Essential Oil of Cultivated Pimenta Racemosa (Mill.) J.W. Moore from North India: Distribution of Phenylpropanoids and Chiral Terpenoids

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Leaf Essential Oil of Cultivated Pimenta Racemosa (Mill.) J.W. Moore from North India: Distribution of Phenylpropanoids and Chiral Terpenoids

In this work, cultivated Pimenta racemosa from North Indian plains was studied for its leaf volatile composition twice in year at two distinct seasons (spring and autumn) using GC-FID, enantio-GC-FID, GC/MS and 1H-, 13C-NMR and DEPT experiments. Phenylpropanoid was the abundant class of compounds represented by eugenol (72.9%) followed by chavicol (7.7%) whereas myrcene (9.6%) and limonene (3.8%) were identified as the most exclusive terpene constituents in spring collection. The autumn sample was recorded with highest eugenol (92.9%) proportion. Notably, presence of chavicol differentiates this oil from Pimenta dioica. An enantiomeric excess for (S)-(-)-limonene (41.1-45.3%) and (R)-(-)-linalool (86.7-89.9%) was recorded over (R)-(+)-limonene and (S)-(+)-linalool, respectively when separated on 6-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-2,3-diethyl-β-cyclodextrin chiral phase. Moreover, both the monoterpene derivatives occur as enantiomeric mixture in P. racemosa leaf essential oil.

 

Citation:Pragadheesh VS, Yadav A, Singh SC, Gupta N, Chanotiya CS (2013) Leaf Essential Oil of Cultivated Pimenta Racemosa (Mill.) J.W. Moore from North India: Distribution of Phenylpropanoids and Chiral Terpenoids. Med Aromat Plants 2:118. doi: 10.4172/2167-0412.1000118

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