Meta Description: Pediatric infections with intestinal parasites such as G. lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp. Are more frequent in childhood.
Giardia lamblia (also called Giardia intestinalis or duodenalis) is a flagellate protozoa that generally causes a self-limited, often persistent illness that is typified by diarrhea, flatulence, greasy/ floating stools, bloating, abdominal cramps, dehydration, weight loss, and malabsorption. Cryptosporidiosis is a similar persistent diarrheal illness caused by protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium.
Cryptosporidiosis is characterized by diarrhea (with or without crampy abdominal pain), which may be intermittent or continuous, and voluminous, and may include vomiting and low-grade fever. Giardiasis is commonly treated with metronidazole or tinidazole; however, the tablet formulations can be difficult to administer in children because of pediatric dose requirements, possess an unpalatable metallic taste, and may cause adverse effects such as nausea.
For more details: