Meta Discription: Despite their staggering complexities, the varied worlds of human societies, living and nonliving matters, owe their being and sustainability to subtle differences. This can be arrived at by in-depth inspection of the driving forces underlying processes of their performance.
Differences are of relevant peculiarities to these worlds creating some sort of recurring transient inequalities. In living worlds, the underpinning principle of maintaining metabolic transformation and sustaining living systems and entities is the foundation or creation of potential differences i.e. electrochemical potential across membranes of bacterial cells, mitochondria and chloroplasts.
Biomembranes in these cases act as selective barriers, across them and along them, ions and electrons move to create the electrochemical potential difference or proton motive force. Proton motive force can be used directly to do work or translated into ATP, the common energy currency among all living forms. Formation of ATP made possible when ΔG value is >7.0 Kcal.
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