Meta Description: Rhinosinusitis can lead to local and systemic complications. Most local complications are anatomically linked to the paranasal sinuses and other structures of the head, neck, and chest. The exact rates of these complications are not known, but they occur in about 5% of patients hospitalized for rhinosinusitis.
The most common pathogens causing these complications are those seen in acute and chronic rhinosinusitis, depending on the length and etiology of the primary rhinosinusitis. These include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcos aureus (including methicillin resistant), anaerobic bacteria (Prevotella, Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium and Peptostreptococcus spp.) and Microaerophilic streptococci . Anaerobic bacteria are mostly found in chronic rhinosinusitis.
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