The role of cotton, wool and silk fibres in apparel segment of the textile industry has been robust in all these years. Cotton fibre has a dominant role in the apparel segment even though many alternative, regenerated cellulosics fibres are available. Besides cellulose, cotton fibre contains many constituents are systematically eliminated in the
fabric preparation process to facilitate dyeing and finishing. Preparatory processes assume the centre stage, in entire process sequence of fabrics due to high water, chemicals, energy requirements. Enzymes provide sustainable solutions, in operations that require more amounts of energy, at relatively low energy levels with meagre amount of auxiliaries. Reviews and reports have been frequently published to demonstrate the advantages of enzyme based processes in comparison with chemical treatments. Both bacterial and fungal sources suffice requirement of various enzymes used in textile applications.