Meta Description: Both behavioral and physiological pain assessment tools are non specific to pain. Caregivers must therefore use their clinical judgment in understanding why the infant is in distress. If an ongoing stimulus occurs, the emotional stress response is very likely to be caused by this stimulus. Thus the treatment should focus on reducing the stimulus that has induced the distress, or treat the symptoms according to the origin of the stimulus.
Behavioural pain assessment tools are often used in infants. Physiological pain assessment tools should be used in infants exposed to hypothermia, infants exposed to a number of previous painful procedures, as well as patients who are critically ill or sedated. These physiological pain assessment tools should also be applied regarding patients where real time pain assessment is required. In infants below 28 weeks of gestational age a physiological pain assessment tool, skin conductance responses (SCR)/sec, is to be preferred when measuring levels of pain.
For more details: