alexa Effect of Crepe Texture on Tensile Properties of Cotton Fabric under Varied Relative Humidity

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Effect of Crepe Texture on Tensile Properties of Cotton Fabric under Varied Relative Humidity

An advantage of textiles is that their mechanical properties can be modified by varying the constituent yarns and weave structure. Crêpe fabrics made from highly twisted yarns exhibit a variety of wrinkly structures. Such fabrics are produced by using (1) hard-twist filling yarns, (2) chemical treatment, (3) crêpe weaves, and (4) embossing . Japanese cotton crêpe, called Takashima chijimi, is made by employing twisted yarns in both the warp and the weft; however, the weft yarn twist is more than 2000 twists per meter. Such cotton fabrics, which combine hard-twist filling yarns and weave density, are popular materials for men’s summer wear. Consumer demand for more attractive crêpe fabrics and new products signifies a shift in preference from casual cotton wear to more formal outerwear, women’s dresses, and summer jackets. Accordingly, uniformly ribbed crêpe texture has been designed via additional embossed finishing of basic crêpe weave fabrics with piqué. The number of uniform ribs in piqué crêpe fabrics may govern not only the design but also the physical properties of the fabrics.

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