Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a well-known intervention which differentially influence a variety of outcomes related to pain. Physical function used to be part of this outcome domain. It has been shown that TENS increased the balance function on the “Timed up and GO” test as well as reducing the pain level in people with osteoarthritis, but it was unclear if this improvement is related to the pain reduction effects or direct promotion of functional outcomes using TENS. This has led to the intriguing notion that TENS could be used to promote motor performance or recovery in people with disabling neuromotor conditions. Cortical excitability changes can alter the individual experience to interact with the environmen
Citation: Sadeghi-Demneh E, Tyson SF, Nester CJ, Cooper G (2015) The Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) Applied to the Foot and Ankle on Strength, Proprioception and Balance: A Preliminary Study. Clin Res Foot Ankle 3:170.