The last three decades have seen increased research interest on father-child relationships worldwide yet studies dealing with direct effects of fathers’ behavior on their offspring’s mental health are still scarce. The majority of studies investigating effects of specific parenting behaviors on child outcomes have focused on mothers who are traditionally the primary caregivers. This is unfortunate as it has long been accepted that fathers are important environmental agents shaping their children’s development. Inconsistent parenting is one example of parenting behaviors that may be detrimental to children’s outcomes. Mothers and fathers are the most important environmental agents for their children’s socialization; parental responsiveness and accountability shapes how young children experience the world around them. If children learn that they can rely on their parents and that their own behavior will cause expected reactions then this may help build their trust in the world; they will learn to take responsibility for their actions and the reactions they cause.