The Expansion Process in a Counter-flow Vortex Tube

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The Expansion Process in a Counter-flow Vortex Tube

A Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube is a thermal device which generates two exhaust gases at different temperature from a single injection port. The typical structure of a counter-flow vortex tube and the proposed flow pattern within the tube are presented in Figure 1 [1]. The working medium (shown in yellow), generally air or other compressible gases, is injected into the tube through a tangential nozzle. The low temperature stream (shown in blue) is discharged through the central exit, near the injection port, and the high temperature stream (shown in red) is exhausted from the peripheral exit, at the far end of the tube. Read More

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