Prognosis is the prior knowledge of outcome of a disease or a result of the known diseases. And it should have an idea, how it will be able to determine how a disease is likely to behave, with or without treatment. It is necessary to know about certain facts that the disease can be able to recover or not. These are called prognostic factors. For cancers like lymphoma, many factors determine outcome and results. Some are directly related to the disease - the disease stage, how large the disease is, or which organs are involved.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on September, 2014