Carotid Body Tumors|OMICS International|Journal Of Vascular Medicine And Surgery

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Carotid Body Tumors

Carotid body tumors are the most common paragangliomas of the head and neck region. They form about 60 percent of the head and neck paragangliomas, rare tumors of neural crest origin associated with autonomic ganglia. Since the tumors were first reported by Von Luschka in 1862, they have typically presented as painless, gradually enlarging masses situated in the upper part of the neck below the angle of the mandible . Occasionally, mass effect on autonomic nerves may cause voice hoarseness and Horner’s Syndrome. Management of such tumors includes surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The In Vivo Optical Spectroscopy (INVOS®) Somanetics cerebral oximetry is a non-invasive, site specific measure regional perfusion used in paediatric and adult patients internationally. It uses near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to measure the relative amount of oxygen saturated haemoglobin in the brain, referred to as regional oxygen saturation (rSO2), to detect ischemic threats with the aim to administer timely intervention to reduce or prevent patient morbidity. The major organ morbidity includes stroke, post-operative cognitive decline, respiratory failure, ventilator time, adverse surgical events , coma and even mortality . The usefulness of intraoperative rSO2 monitoring has been shown during cardiac, vascular and even a hepatic phase of orthotopic liver transplantation surgeries. The INVOS® cerebral oximetry has potential to provide a continuous, noninvasive, bedside cerebral perfusion monitoring tailored to the baseline rSO2 on each side of patients under general anesthesia. The reference to an individualized baseline reference point provides a useful safety monitoring tool for an anesthetist without indepth training in electroencephalogram interpretations and complexity of device attachments. OMICS Group International is one of the leading Open Access Publishing houses, which has around 700+ peer-reviewed journals, 50,000+ editorial board members, and highly qualified, expert reviewers to meet the objectives of the Peer-Review Process. OMICS Group International peer-review policies are highly appreciated, accepted and adaptable to the criteria that have been prescribed by the international agencies such as NIH, PubMed etc. OMICS Group International also organizes 3000+ International Scientific Conferences per year globally. There is a great deal of information out there on scientific topics. However, whether it can be trusted or not is a key issue at present. The main question that often emerges in this aspect is about the review process adopted to screen the articles for publication. One of the most acceptable and proven process adopted in majority reputed international journals is peer reviewing
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Last date updated on May, 2021