Chagas disease, caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America and is considered as âthe most neglected of the neglected diseases. It currently affects around 10 million people in Latin America, and 10 to 30 per cent of cases have developed or will develop cardiac, digestive or nervous system disorders. The T. cruzi parasite can travel with population movements from endemic to nonendemic countries such as North America (United States and Canada), the western Pacific region and, more recently, Europe (mainly Belgium, Spain, France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Switzerland, and to a lesser Germany, Austria, Croatia, Denmark, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Norway, Portugal, Romania and Sweden), therefore posing a challenge for the public health. The congenital transmission, blood transfusion and solid organ transplant are main non vectorial transmission mechanism in those countries; many of them have not yet established official guidelines to avoid these routes.
Chagas Disease: A Global Neglected Disease that Require Continuous Medical Education- InÃ©s Zulantay
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Last date updated on June, 2014