Aggressive behaviour arises from a tendency to interpret other peopleâs intentions as hostile and aggressive. This tendency is also present in ambiguous, non-provoking or threatening
situations, were othersâ intentions are benign. There was a significant relationship between a
hostile attribution bias and aggressive behaviour. One subdivision of aggression often reported in the literature, is between proactive and reactive aggression. Reactive aggression is characterized by impulsivity and aggression in reactions to real or imaginary threat, provocation, or frustration. This is the type of aggression, which according to the frustration-aggression model of Berkowitz, is explained by an inner frustration leading to aggression and hostility. Individuals characterized by this type of aggression expect their behaviour to lead to positive advances and are not engaged in possible negative consequences of their behaviour for others. The Reactive Proactive Questionnaire (RPQ), which measures two important types of aggression; reactive, impulsive aggression and proactive, instrumental aggression. For the present study, we used the Dutch translation of the RPQ. The RPQ can be applied to anyone with the reading level of an 8-year-old child. The questionnaire consists of 23 items, of which
12 items are proactive (e.g., âHow often did you have fights to show who was on topâ) and 11 items are reactive (e.g., âHow often have you damaged things because you felt angryâ). The items of the RPQ reflect either physical or verbal aggression and include the motivation and
situational context for the aggression.
Donât you Dare Look at me, or else: Negative and Aggressive Interpretation Bias, Callous Unemotional Traits and Type of Aggression
Last date updated on January, 2023