The number of children with Developmental Disabilities (DDs) is steadily increasing in Japan . The results of the National Survey on School Children with Special Educational Needs in a Regular Class reported that 6.5% of all children have âmild DDsâ that cause a significant difïculty in learning and behavior without mental retardation. A little fewer than 40% of these children have not received any special support. Furthermore, in-school committees should discuss support measures, but their work has been inadequate in ensuring that parents and family members can manage behavior correction and program development for problem behavior. Children with DDs often cause (or are involved in) problems (e.g. trouble with friends, isolation from other children, fall behind others) in the community or school one or more times. Parents of a child with DDs need to deal with problems caused by the child and experience more stress associated with child rearing than other parents. They were assessed in terms of child behavior (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), parenting style (Parenting Scale), parenting adjustment (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and Parenting Experience Survey), and family empowerment (Family Empowerment Scale). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores for three sub scales emotional symptoms conduct problems, and difficult behavior indicated a significant intervention effect in the children. Moreover, the Parenting Scale scores for all subscales, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale scores for all subscales, and the Parenting Experience Survey scores for the subscales except for the fulfilling subscale, the perception of agreement with partner regarding child discipline subscale, and the perception of support received from partner subscale, indicated a significant intervention effect in the caregivers.
Effectiveness of the Group-Based Positive Parenting Program with Japanese Families Raising a Child with Developmental Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study
Last date updated on June, 2014