Chronic pain may originate with an initial trauma/injury or infection, or there may be an ongoing cause of pain. Chronic pain is different. The pain signals go on for weeks, months, or even years. The original cause may have been an injury or infection. There may be an ongoing cause of pain, such as arthritis or cancer. But in some cases there is no clear cause. Some people suffer chronic pain in the absence of any past injury or evidence of body damage. Even the body's most basic defenses may be compromised; There is considerable evidence that unrelenting pain can suppress the immune system. Anxiety, stress, depression, anger, and fatigue interact in complex ways with chronic pain and may decrease the body's production of natural painkillers; moreover, such negative feelings may increase the level of substances that amplify sensations of pain, causing a vicious cycle of pain for the person The symptoms of chronic pain include:Pain that may be described as shooting, burning, aching, or electrical, Feeling of discomfort, soreness, tightness, or stiffness. Other problems associated with pain can include: Fatigue, Weakened immune system, Disabilities.
Impact factor is considered as a putative marker to indicate the journal quality. But the recent policies being adopted to improve the impact factor is becoming a topic of controversies today. This current scenario questions the reliability of impact factor. The citation index cannot be considered to determine the scientific quality of an article because the technicalities are not considering the scientific quality. Knowing or reading an article is not enough to determine their quality validating the content and approving the findings and revalidating the facts is vital in scientific research. It is highly impossible to do a scholar check in each and every article to detect fraudulent or unsubstantial citations.
Last date updated on June, 2014