Lupus is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease when the bodyâs own immune system attack against own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems like joints, skin, kidneys, lungs, heart, blood cells and brain. In this disease autoantibodies are created that attack and destroy healthy tissue of the body. These autoantibodies cause pain, inflammation and damage in various parts of the body. The exact cause of lupus is still not known. Many experts believe that some people are born with some genes that affect the working of immune system. These people are more prone to get lupus. Then there are also a number of other things that can trigger lupus attacks. These include viral infections, including the virus that causes mononucleosis, and sunlight. Lupus has four types- systemic, discoid, drug induced and neonatal. Out of these four types systemic lupus is the most common and most dangerous.
Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms mimic with other ailments. The most distinctive sign of lupus is a facial rash. The doctor can use many methods to diagnose lupus. Some of them are medical history of the patient, complete exam, blood tests, skin biopsy (looking at skin samples under a microscope) and kidney biopsy (looking at kidney tissue under a microscope). Treatment of lupus includes corticosteroid cream for rashes, nonsteroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for mild joint or muscle pain and fever, antimalarial medicines to treat fatigue, joint pain, and skin rashes and corticosteroid pills if other medicines are not controlling your symptoms.
Last date updated on January, 2021