Age-related macular degeneration affects the macula i.e., the central part of the retina which is responsible for seeing final details and central vision. This disease is associated with aging and could gradually destroy sharp, central vision. The central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and common daily tasks such as reading and driving. The AMD most frequently affects people over the age of 50. The risk factors for AMD are age, gender (more women than men),family history of the disease, cigarette smoking, diet (low consumption of fruits and vegetables), excessive sunlight exposure, obesity, high blood pressure, cardio vascular disease and Alzheimer disease.
The stages of AMD can be defined based on the severity of AMD pathologies. The physiology of aging macula and the mechanisms implicated in the causes of AMD can be obtained from.
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Last date updated on September, 2014