Uveitis is swelling and irritation of the uvea which is the middle layer of the eye. The uvea is responsible for providing most of the blood supply to the retina. Autoimmune disease of the eye is known as autoimmune uveitis or uveitis. Immune cells enter the eye, become active, and exert their effects. The normal eye does not have significant inflammation at any one time.
Uveitis can reduce vision in many ways. From front to the back, the cornea which is the very front window into the eye may develop calcium deposits that block vision. The lens of the eye may develop clouding, known as cataract. The front colored portion of the eye, the iris, may develop adhesions. The vitreous gel of the eye may develop cloudiness and floaters. The center of the retina, the macula, may develop swelling. If the RPE-choroid underneath the retina thins or atrophies with chronic inflammation the retina itself will lose visual function. The cells in the retina can degenerate with chronic inflammation.
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Last date updated on March, 2021