|Cataract surgery is the removal of natural lens of the eyes that has turned opaque due to cataract. There are different types of cataract surgery. The standard cataract surgery is the simplest one and can be performed in an ambulatory surgery center, in a hospital or on an outpatient basis. Today the most common type of cataract surgery involves a process called phacoemulsification. With the help of an operating microscope, the surgeon makes a very small incision in the eye surface or near the cornea. A very thin ultrasound probe is then inserted into the eye which uses ultrasonic vibrations that dissolve the clouded lens called phacoemulsify. The small fragmented pieces are then suctioned out through the same ultrasound probe. After the removal of cataract, an artificial lens is inserted into the thin capsular bag which was previously occupied by cataract. This artificial lens is essential to help the eye to focus after surgery.
Innovations are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that âbreaks intoâ the market or society.