Diabetic retinopathy is a common microvascular complication associated with diabetes mellitus. Diabetic retinopathy is of two types: They are non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). NPDR occurs in initial stages of the disease and is characterized by microaneurysms, macular edema and other vascular lesions. DR is primarily diagnosed and monitored by fundus exam, which allows for visual detection of the vascular lesions and macular edema.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on July, 2020