Pediatric ophthalmology is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that deals with children eye diseases. The human visual system develops as the brain matures and this process takes about ten years. Although a baby eyes are optically capable of seeing, but the brain has not learned how to process the received visual messages. As visual development proceeds with maturity, that same child will then be able to detect the finest details in an image. The common ophthalmic problems encountered in children and are pediatric glaucoma, amblyopia, brain disorders and strabismus that affect vision, retinopathy or prematurity and retinoblastoma.
Pediatric ophthalmology is about detecting the eye disease in the youngest children who can tell what they see. Pediatric ophthalmologist is the doctor that deals with pediatric ophthalmology. They help the children to achieve the best vision possible with routine and specialized care like eye exams for infants, children and teens and pediatric vision screenings. Children experience a variety of eye problems which are different form the adult eye diseases. Pediatric ophthalmologists are specially trained to manage the following disorders of children: Infections (Conjunctivitis), strabismus, amblyopia, blocked tear ducts, ptosis, retinopathy of prematurity, pediatric cataracts, pediatric glaucoma and abnormal vision development. Genetic disorders also cause eye problems for affected children. Children may also be having refractive errors like myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism that can often be corrected with prescriptions for glasses or contacts.
Last date updated on September, 2014