Retinal degenerative disease is a large and diverse group of conditions that affects both young and old from many cultures, races and ethnicities. Age-related macular degeneration is regarded as the most common condition which is distinguished due to its prevalence in the senior population. Age is the major risk factor of this disease. Many of the retinal degenerative disorder are due to heredity, means that they are because of genetic mutation. An individual can have such a mutation, even if they do not have clear family history of vision loss. In other case, many members and generations of a family may experience vision loss due to heredity. There are many types of inherited retinal degenerations, the more common ones are retinitis pigmentosa, choroideremia , leber congenital amaurosis, retinoschisis, juvenile stargardt disease and usher disease.
Last date updated on September, 2014