Pharmacokinetics is the branch of pharmacology that deals with the determination of the fate of the drug when administered into a living system till the point it gets completely eliminated from the body. In simple words it is defined as the branch that studies what the body does to a drug when it is being administered into the system. It describes the aspects on how the body affects a particular drug through the mechanisms of absorption and distribution; as well as the effects and routes of excretion of drug metabolites. It also highlights the undergone chemical changes of the drug while in the body due to the action of metabolizing enzymes. The pharmacokinetic properties of the drug are affected by elements like dose of drug and site of its administration that may affect the drug absorption rates. The branch of pharmacokinetics is often studied in conjunction with pharmacodynamics to study an overall drugs pharmacological effects on the body. Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on January, 2021