âAcute poisoning has become a significant health problem worldwide particularly in developing countries. Poisoning by accidental or deliberate ingestion, injection, or inhalation of medicinal and chemicals poisons are common medical emergencies. Deaths due to unintentional poisoning are more common in low and middle income group of countries. 24% of children under 5 years old had disability-adjusted life years lost globally to poisoning. Not only in developing countries, developed countries also had serious exposure scenario to toxic agents. This is proved when U.S Poison Control Centres received more than 2.4 million reports of toxin exposure in 2003, of which 76% were by oral ingestion, 93% of the cases happened at home and 80% were unintentional Medicinal substances included analgesics, anti-inflammatory agents, psychotropic drugs such as antidepressants, and benzodiazepines related agents. Non-medicinal agents include chemicals such as organophosphates, pesticides, insecticides, organic solvents, and household cleaning products such as bleach and caustics were also found to be common causes of poisoningâ The Risk of Accidental Chemical Poisoning Cases among Children (12 Years Old) Admitted to Hospital University Sains Malaysia: 5 Years Review, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan.
Toxicology reports and cases are mainly based on poisoning cases such as pediatric poisoning, chemical poisoning, drug poisoning etc. Journal of clinical toxicology publishes original research articles and case reports based on these cases.
Last date updated on June, 2014