Inflammation is a response to altered homeostasis and occur by releasing different cytokines e.g. tumor necrosis factor Î±, interleukin-1,4,6,10 from the endocrine. Inflammatory markers, such as cytokines are correlated with increase in mortality and morbidity in patients with cardiac disease, and are associated with a reduction in HRV mainly SDNN, VLF power and LF power in patients with coronary artery disease, or with heart failure. Inflammation increases both sympathetic and parasympathetic activities but also the oxidative stress.
Last date updated on January, 2021