Coastal-and-fresh-water-Scholarly Peer-review Journal|OMICS International|Oceanography: Open Access

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Coastal-and-fresh-water-Scholarly Peer-review Journal

"Concentrations of copper, zinc, manganese, and iron were determined in muscle tissue of coastal fish (Pumpus argentius, Tenulosa ilisha and Rastrelliger kanagurta) and fresh water fish (Hypophthalmichthys molithrix and Cirhinnus mrigela) samples from West Bengal, India, for assessing the potential health risk to human population. The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Mn and Fe in coastal fish muscles were ranged between 0.79-4.0 mg kg-1 dw, 5-29 mg kg-1 dw, 0.50-5.0 mg kg-1 dw and 20-75 mg kg-1 dw, respectively, and in fresh water fish, they were in the ranges of 5.0-28 mg kg-1 dw, 33-51 mg kg-1 dw, 2.0-6.0 mg kg-1 dw and 38- 110 mg kg-1 dw, respectively. The pattern of metals accumulation was in order of Fe > Zn > Cu > Mn. The results showed that the concentrations of metals in studied fish muscles were all lower than recommended guideline values. Estimated daily intakes (DIs) and weekly intakes (WIs) of metals (Cu, Zn, Mn & Fe) from fish consumption were lower than stipulated reference dose (RfD) and provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for human population. Total health hazard, based on hazard quotients (HQ) for fish eating human population from studied metals was ranged between 0.027- 0.13, which is much lower than safe limit of one (<1) suggesting negligible health risk. Innovations are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that “breaks into” the market or society. Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.
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Last date updated on February, 2021