Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Cytogenetics can be defined as that deals with the study of structure and function of the cell, mainly focussing on the structure and composition of the cell. Cytogenetic tests are usuallly carried out during the time of pregnancy to determine any structural or chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus. As the changes occur in the chromosomes, thus disrupting the genes and finally leading to the production of fatal or abnormalproteins, thereby resulting in mild to severe or lethal birth defects.
Last date updated on January, 2021