Deaf studies include the scientific study of the deaf people, their culture and the sign language. Deaf studies comprise a research oriented study of the deaf related aspects of an individual. It is concerned with the study of the social life of deaf individuals and human groups. Deafness can occur due to frequent ear infections and or sensory impairments. During language acquisition a consistent trouble with hearing may lead to spoken language problems too. Frequent ear infections in children may slowly develop problems in pronouncing the words correctly. These disorders can also occur with people who use sign language. It should be noted that inability to hear is not in itself a communication disorder. Deafness significantly interferes with an individuals ability and or quality of life. Therefore one may find it important to know an operational assessment or finding a diagnosis for the deafness. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on July, 2014