"Deciphering secretomes became a crucial biological question when an increasing body of evidence indicated that secreted proteins were the main effectors initiating interactions, whether of pathogenic or symbiotic nature, between fungi and their plant hosts. Moreover, the particular activities of some secreted enzymes allow saprophytic fungi to live off dead plant mater. Secretomics may help to contribute to the global food security and to the ecosystem sustainability by addressing issues in i) plant biosecurity, with the design of crops resistant to pathogen fungi, ii) crop yield enhancement, for example driven by AM fungi helping plant hosts utilize phosphate from the soil hence increase biomass, and iii) renewable energy, through the identification of fungal enzymes able to augment the bio- conversion of plant lignocellulosic materials for the production of second generation biofuels that do not compete with food production.
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Last date updated on July, 2014