The manipulation of matter on the molecular and atomic levels is called nanotechnology. Nanodentistry plays a vital role in the field of nanorobotics and dentirobots. In Nanorobotics all the periodontal tissues are directed by orthodontic nanorobots leading to swift and pain free corrective movements and in dentifrobots they would also break down harmful materials into harmless substances and undertake constant calculus removal. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014