It is a genetic chromosomal disorder that occurs early in childhood causing intellectual and developmental disability and delay in growth physically and mentally. It also leads to various health problems. There is presence of 47 chromosomes instead of 46 and is independent of race, ethnic, economic status. It is usually identified in early stages. The distinctive facial features can be seen in DownÂ’s syndrome children like small head, weak muscle tone, short neck etc. The diagnostic tests are present for pregnant mothers to estimate the risk of DownÂ’s syndrome. Several treatment facilities are available for children with this syndrome.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel Â“roadsÂ” towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is Â“self-archivingÂ” (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014