Disease prevention is a list of measures taken to avoid diseases particularly infectious diseases. Disease prevention can be achieved by eliminating causative agents or by gaining more resistance towards that particular disease. Immunization is a well-known recommended method to get more resistance. We can also prevent many diseases by maintaining healthy diet and also through daily exercise. Some diseases can be prevented by undergoing some surgical treatments. Heart surgery is a best example to prevent many heart diseases. So, surgical treatments are also playing vital role in disease prevention. Present world is running towards many medicines and therapeutics to prevent almost all diseases. Few diseases can also be prevented by following natural meditation methods. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014