|Disease is an abnormal condition of an organism that will exhibit specific symptoms and affects regular metabolism. It may be caused by external factors generally referred as foreign particles and will produce infectious diseases. These foreign particles will act as antigens, which will react with our immune system and finally leading to disease condition. Sometimes diseases will be produced by internal dysfunctions, which will lead to autoimmune diseases. Infectious diseases are transmissible diseases and these transmissible diseases will spread or transmit from one person to the other and will become more resistant. Some of the infectious diseases include measles, syphilis, tuberculosis, etc.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.