The surrounding of a living organism where it lives and conjugates with the non-living organisms for their better survival. Ecosystem includes both biotic and abiotic factors connected with each other through nutrient cycles and energy flows. All living organisms like flora and fauna are the essentials components of biotic factors and components like water, land, air, energy are the essential forms of abiotic factors. When the biotic factors are connected with the abiotic factors they form an ecosystem.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on April, 2021