The surrounding of a living organism where it lives and conjugates with the non-living organisms for their better survival. Ecosystem includes both biotic and abiotic factors connected with each other through nutrient cycles and energy flows. All living organisms like flora and fauna are the essentials components of biotic factors and components like water, land, air, energy are the essential forms of abiotic factors. When the biotic factors are connected with the abiotic factors they form an ecosystem.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.
Last date updated on June, 2014