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Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest in children is a rare event. However, sudden cardiac arrest of a child is a devastating event. Clinicians should be aware of conditions associated with sudden cardiac arrest in the pediatric population. This article reviews the most common causes of sudden cardiac arrest in the pediatric population. We review recommendations for screening and diagnosis. We also briefly discuss current management recommendations for the various causes of sudden cardiac arrest in the pediatric population. Sudden cardiac arrest can be defined as unexpected collapse, regardless of physical exertion, in a previously asymptomatic person. Cardiac arrest accounts for 25 to 30 percent of all cases of sudden death in the pediatric population. The annual incidence of pediatric sudden cardiac arrest (PSCA) is 1.7 per 100,000 person-years with a reported range of 0.6 to 7.5 cases per 100,000 person-years. However, despite the low incidence of PSCA, the emotional repercussions for individuals, families and communities are no less devastating. Carissa M. Baker-Smith, Cardiac Arrest and Sudden Cardiac Death in the Pediatric Population
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Last date updated on June, 2014

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