Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) is a major health problem. The SCD patients referred to here are those apparently healthy persons who drop dead suddenly without experiencing any symptoms and are unable to call for help. The basic underlying mechanism causing death is often the sudden onset of ventricular fibrillation (VF), but the precise mechanism responsible for precipitating the VF remains unknown. The prevailing opinion is that the VF is caused by myocardial ischemia because these patients commonly have underlying coronary atherosclerosis. However, there are many reasons to question myocardial ischemia as the precipitating cause of VF, and these will be discussed.
We have performed a comprehensive post mortem examination of a large number of SCD patients as well as many who died of other acute coronary syndromes. Various types of plaques and coronary pathology will be presented to support our hypothesis that the sudden onset of VF is precipitated by plaque toxins released at the time of spontaneous plaque rupture. These toxins circulate downstream to various portions of the conduction system (CS) causing sudden, severe, and direct, but transient injury, to the CS, precipitating VF. These toxins are quickly neutralized and/or washed away by flowing blood, and explain why immediate cardioversion is often successful, why the VF does not immediately recur after successful cardioversion, and why resuscitated patients often do not have or develop subsequent acute myocardial infarction. Richard J Frink, Sudden cardiac death and myocardial ischemia: A reappraisal
Last date updated on December, 2020